Prior to being appointed as Secretary of Energy, Mr. Raphael P. M. Lotilla was the President and Chief Executive Officer of the Power Sector Assets and Liabilities Management Corporation (PSALM). PSALM is the government corporation tasked to manage the privatization of generation assets, IPP contracts and other non-power assets, including the management of financial obligations and stranded contract costs of the state-owned National Power Corporation (NPC). Before his appointment as PSALM President, Mr. Lotilla briefly served as PSALM Chief Operating Officer and was previously Deputy Director-General (DDG), with the rank of Undersecretary, of the National Economic Development Authority, from 1996 to January 2004. As DDG, he was designated as National Coordinator of the Philippine Council for Sustainable Development, where he pushed measures supportive of clean technologies and sustainable livelihoods, among other sustainable development advocacies. Mr. Lotilla was also the supervising official of the secretariat of the Legislative-Executive Development Advisory Council (LEDAC), the advisory and consultative body to the Philippine President and the Legislature. He actively contributed in formulating the Executive Branch's position in the deliberations of Congress and the bicameral conference committee meetings. Among the legislative reform measures he was sought to help in crafting was the Electric Power Industry Reform Act of 2001. Mr. Lotilla began his career in the academia as Assistant Professor of Law in 1985 at the University of the Philippines (UP) upon his admission to the Bar. He also served as UP's Vice-President for Public Affairs in 1991 and as Director of the Institute of International Legal Studies of the UP Law Center from 1989 to 1996. He was appointed Professor of Law in 1995. Prior to joining the government, Mr. Lotilla served as legal consultant to the Senate and the Senate Committee on Foreign Relations. Mr. Lotilla holds undergraduate degrees in Psychology and History, a Bachelor of Laws degree from the University of the Philippines, and a Master of Laws degree from the University of Michigan Law School. As law professor, he taught courses including Constitutional Law, International Law, Corporation Law, Special Contract, Government Control of Businesses, International Economic Law, and Special Problems in Citizenship. Mr. Lotilla hails from Sibalom, Antique, and served as Editor-in-Chief of the Philippine Collegian in 1983-1984.