Michael Ruddy has been the Director of International Research at Terabit Consulting since the company's founding in 2000. There, he has overseen the creation of a wide range of industry reports including the 1,600-page Undersea Cable Report and the International Telecommunications Infrastructure Analysis. He has also overseen market and traffic studies for dozens of fiber projects around the world, including the East African Submarine Cable System (EASSy), the Australia-Japan Cable (AJC), Hibernia Atlantic, the Seychelles East Africa System (SEAS), the Montserrat Caribbean Submarine Cable Project, the Central African Backbone, and the BIMP-EAGA Rink Project, among many others. In total his studies have resulted in the funding of several billions of dollars of fiber projects in virtually every region of the globe. Prior to joining Terabit Consulting, in the late-1990s he was responsible for the creation of the submarine cable market research program at Pioneer Consulting, where he created and authored the Worldwide Submarine Fiber Optic Systems report. Mr. Ruddy was also an analyst at Kessler Marketing Intelligence (KMI, where he authored studies that included Beyond ACMA and SONET/SDH) and performed market analysis for the US Department of Commerce in Montreal, Canada. He was also a Foreign Service Officer with the US Department of State.